آموزش کار با ابزار wpscan

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در این آموزش به بررسی ابزار wpscan می پردازیم ، با wpscan می توانیم وب سایت های وردپرسی را بررسی کنیم و اطلاعاتی را در رابطه با آنها جمع آوری کنیم.

نحوه نصب wpscan

حجم این برنامه تقریباً 396KB می باشد.

برای نصب wpscan از دستور زیر استفاده می کنیم:

sudo apt install wpscan

نحوه استفاده از wpscan

در مثال زیر یک آدرس دامنه ( سایت وردپرسی ) را همراه با تمام پلاگین های نصب شده روی آن اسکن می کنیم:

[email protected]:~# wpscan --url http://wordpress.local --enumerate p
_______________________________________________________________
        __          _______   _____
        \ \        / /  __ \ / ____|
         \ \  /\  / /| |__) | (___   ___  __ _ _ __
          \ \/  \/ / |  ___/ \___ \ / __|/ _` | '_ \
           \  /\  /  | |     ____) | (__| (_| | | | |
            \/  \/   |_|    |_____/ \___|\__,_|_| |_|

        WordPress Security Scanner by the WPScan Team
                       Version 2.6
          Sponsored by Sucuri - https://sucuri.net
   @_WPScan_, @ethicalhack3r, @erwan_lr, pvdl, @_FireFart_
_______________________________________________________________

[+] URL: http://wordpress.local/
[+] Started: Mon Jan 12 14:07:40 2015

[+] robots.txt available under: 'http://wordpress.local/robots.txt'
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/search
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/support/search.php
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/extend/plugins/search.php
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/plugins/search.php
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/extend/themes/search.php
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/themes/search.php
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/support/rss
[+] Interesting entry from robots.txt: http://wordpress.local/archive/
[+] Interesting header: SERVER: nginx
[+] Interesting header: X-FRAME-OPTIONS: SAMEORIGIN
[+] Interesting header: X-NC: HIT lax 249
[+] XML-RPC Interface available under: http://wordpress.local/xmlrpc.php

[+] WordPress version 4.2-alpha-31168 identified from rss generator

[+] Enumerating installed plugins  ...

   Time: 00:00:35 <======================================================> (2166 / 2166) 100.00% Time: 00:00:35

[+] We found 2166 plugins:
[...]

اطلاعات بیشتر

برای مطالعه manual ( دفترچه راهنما ) ابزار wpscan از دستور زیر استفاده می کنیم:

man wpscan

همچنین می توانیم با گزینه help اطلاعاتی در رابطه با آپشن ها و نحوه استفاده آن بدست بیاوریم:

[email protected]:~# wpscan -h
_______________________________________________________________
         __          _______   _____
         \ \        / /  __ \ / ____|
          \ \  /\  / /| |__) | (___   ___  __ _ _ __ ®
           \ \/  \/ / |  ___/ \___ \ / __|/ _` | '_ \
            \  /\  /  | |     ____) | (__| (_| | | | |
             \/  \/   |_|    |_____/ \___|\__,_|_| |_|

         WordPress Security Scanner by the WPScan Team
                         Version 3.8.18
                               
       @_WPScan_, @ethicalhack3r, @erwan_lr, @firefart
_______________________________________________________________

Usage: wpscan [options]
        --url URL                                 The URL of the blog to scan
                                                  Allowed Protocols: http, https
                                                  Default Protocol if none provided: http
                                                  This option is mandatory unless update or help or hh or version is/are supplied
    -h, --help                                    Display the simple help and exit
        --hh                                      Display the full help and exit
        --version                                 Display the version and exit
    -v, --verbose                                 Verbose mode
        --[no-]banner                             Whether or not to display the banner
                                                  Default: true
    -o, --output FILE                             Output to FILE
    -f, --format FORMAT                           Output results in the format supplied
                                                  Available choices: cli-no-colour, cli-no-color, json, cli
        --detection-mode MODE                     Default: mixed
                                                  Available choices: mixed, passive, aggressive
        --user-agent, --ua VALUE
        --random-user-agent, --rua                Use a random user-agent for each scan
        --http-auth login:password
    -t, --max-threads VALUE                       The max threads to use
                                                  Default: 5
        --throttle MilliSeconds                   Milliseconds to wait before doing another web request. If used, the max threads will be set to 1.
        --request-timeout SECONDS                 The request timeout in seconds
                                                  Default: 60
        --connect-timeout SECONDS                 The connection timeout in seconds
                                                  Default: 30
        --disable-tls-checks                      Disables SSL/TLS certificate verification, and downgrade to TLS1.0+ (requires cURL 7.66 for the latter)
        --proxy protocol://IP:port                Supported protocols depend on the cURL installed
        --proxy-auth login:password
        --cookie-string COOKIE                    Cookie string to use in requests, format: cookie1=value1[; cookie2=value2]
        --cookie-jar FILE-PATH                    File to read and write cookies
                                                  Default: /tmp/wpscan/cookie_jar.txt
        --force                                   Do not check if the target is running WordPress or returns a 403
        --[no-]update                             Whether or not to update the Database
        --api-token TOKEN                         The WPScan API Token to display vulnerability data, available at https://wpscan.com/profile
        --wp-content-dir DIR                      The wp-content directory if custom or not detected, such as "wp-content"
        --wp-plugins-dir DIR                      The plugins directory if custom or not detected, such as "wp-content/plugins"
    -e, --enumerate [OPTS]                        Enumeration Process
                                                  Available Choices:
                                                   vp   Vulnerable plugins
                                                   ap   All plugins
                                                   p    Popular plugins
                                                   vt   Vulnerable themes
                                                   at   All themes
                                                   t    Popular themes
                                                   tt   Timthumbs
                                                   cb   Config backups
                                                   dbe  Db exports
                                                   u    User IDs range. e.g: u1-5
                                                        Range separator to use: '-'
                                                        Value if no argument supplied: 1-10
                                                   m    Media IDs range. e.g m1-15
                                                        Note: Permalink setting must be set to "Plain" for those to be detected
                                                        Range separator to use: '-'
                                                        Value if no argument supplied: 1-100
                                                  Separator to use between the values: ','
                                                  Default: All Plugins, Config Backups
                                                  Value if no argument supplied: vp,vt,tt,cb,dbe,u,m
                                                  Incompatible choices (only one of each group/s can be used):
                                                   - vp, ap, p
                                                   - vt, at, t
        --exclude-content-based REGEXP_OR_STRING  Exclude all responses matching the Regexp (case insensitive) during parts of the enumeration.
                                                  Both the headers and body are checked. Regexp delimiters are not required.
        --plugins-detection MODE                  Use the supplied mode to enumerate Plugins.
                                                  Default: passive
                                                  Available choices: mixed, passive, aggressive
        --plugins-version-detection MODE          Use the supplied mode to check plugins' versions.
                                                  Default: mixed
                                                  Available choices: mixed, passive, aggressive
        --exclude-usernames REGEXP_OR_STRING      Exclude usernames matching the Regexp/string (case insensitive). Regexp delimiters are not required.
    -P, --passwords FILE-PATH                     List of passwords to use during the password attack.
                                                  If no --username/s option supplied, user enumeration will be run.
    -U, --usernames LIST                          List of usernames to use during the password attack.
                                                  Examples: 'a1', 'a1,a2,a3', '/tmp/a.txt'
        --multicall-max-passwords MAX_PWD         Maximum number of passwords to send by request with XMLRPC multicall
                                                  Default: 500
        --password-attack ATTACK                  Force the supplied attack to be used rather than automatically determining one.
                                                  Available choices: wp-login, xmlrpc, xmlrpc-multicall
        --login-uri URI                           The URI of the login page if different from /wp-login.php
        --stealthy                                Alias for --random-user-agent --detection-mode passive --plugins-version-detection passive

[!] To see full list of options use --hh.
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